In the annals of the freedom movement in India, the name of Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his associates Shivram, Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar is inscribed in golden letters.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh was born on 27/28 September 1907 in Lyallpur and right from his childhood imbibed a nationalist spirit from his parents. He was convinced that the British regime in India had to be opposed by taking recourse to direct action. Sukhdev Thapar was born on 15 May 1907 in Ludhiana. His quest for nationalism brought him to the National College where together with Bhagat Singh, he founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Shivaram Rajguru, born in 1908 in Pune, also dedicated his life to liberating India from the colonial rule. These young revolutionaries came together and resolved to work for United India under the leadership of Chandra Shekhar Azad. This resulted in the foundation of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
In order to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, who was deliberately hit while leading the demonstration against the Simon Commission in 1928, a decision was taken to attack A. Scott, Superintendent of Police, Lahore, but unfortunately instead of A. Scott Assistant Superintendent, J.P. Saunders, Lahore was killed. When the Government decided to stifle the labourers and the peasants through an Act, Shaheed Bhagat Singh and B.K. Datt threw bombs in the Central Assembly on 08th April, 1929 to make the “deaf hear” and courted arrest. In the subsequent ‘Assembly Bomb Case’ and the ‘Lahore conspiracy case’, Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his fellow revolutionaries showed courage in defying the colonial rule. During the period of their trial, millions of Indians demonstrated in their support. They courted death on 23rd March, 1931 in Lahore Jail. The news of their execution stirred the soul of every Indian. There were massive demonstrations and a definitive phase of national movement began wherein youth played an important role in the struggle for freedom of India.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh had become an icon for freedom lovers in his lifetime. He continues to inspired us. In commemorating the Martyrs’ Day on 23rd March 2017, the University of Delhi pays its homage to the martyrs. The scheduled programme will recollect the life journeys of Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his associates through electronic, oral and written mediums. A guided tour to the basement of the Viceregal Lodge will showcase the space where Shaheed Bhagat Singh was reportedly imprisoned for a day. The participants will also get an opportunity to learn from the writings of Shaheed Bhagat Singh and the scholarly works on him. We not only remember great martyrs but also resolve to work for a strong and independent India based on the principles of equality and justice.