The Department of Sanskrit, University of Delhi, is as old as the University itself having come into existence in 1922, the year the University came into being. Initially for two years it had no Post-Graduate student. In 1924, a student in M.A. was admitted and the Department's Post-Graduate wing came into being. According to the practice then prevailing, the senior most teacher from among the teachers of the subject in the constituent colleges used to be the teacher-in-charge of the subject in the University which at that time had no staff of its own. It, however, recognized some of the senior teachers of a subject working in colleges as Readers. In Sanskrit there were three Readers: Mahamahopadhyaya Lakshmi Dhar Shastri Kalla of St. Stephen's College, Mahamahopadhyaya Harnarain Shastri of Hindu College and Dr. N.N.Choudhuri of Ramjas College. Mahamahopadhyaya Lakshmi Dhar Shastri Kalla by virtue of his seniority was the Head of the Department in the University . The Post-Graduate classes in Sanskrit were held in the St. Stephen's College at that time. Dr. N.N.Choudhuri of Ramjas College took over as Head of the Department from Dr. M.M. Lakshmi Dhar Shastri in 1949. The Department in the University properly came into being with the creation of the post of a Reader in 1953. Dr. N.N.Choudhuri of Ramjas College who was already working as Head of the Department in the University was appointed the first Reader. In 1955 another post, that of a Professor, was created. Dr. N.N.Choudhuri was appointed the first Professor. For a long time the main function of the Department had been to provide instruction in Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate courses. Research came to occupy its attention later. Dr. Ram Gopal, was the first Ph.D. of the Department in 1953-54. Even as late as the fifties, there used to be only five or six students in M.A. and one or two students in Ph.D. This continued for a number of years till there was a marked improvement in numbers in early sixties. From a small department it has now grown to one of the biggest departments in the university with some three hundred post-graduate students and one hundred fifty research scholars and about One hundred fifty teachers taking into account teachers, both in colleges and University Department.
The Department of Sanskrit has had some of the stalwarts as its members in the past Prof. Joshi is an internationally acclaimed Sanskritist who has several works to his credit written in Sanskrit, in English, in French, in Spanish and in Hindi. Having done his D.Litt. from Paris, he introduced modern European research methods in the department. He has been the visiting Professor in U.S.A. and many European & Latin American countries. He is a recipient of several awards and Gold medals including 'Certificate of Honour' from president of India and Sahitya Akademi Award. Prof. Satyavrat Shastri is another distinguished scholar who has been awarded the prestigious Gnanapitha and Padmabhusana. He is a scholar of Kavi Sanskrit also and has translated the 'Ramakiyana'
Certificate course in Sanskrit
|Duration : 3 hours||Marks: 100|
|Text and Grammar|
Books : -
1. Srimadbhagavadgita :
Chapter – XVI
2. Pancatantram : Apariksitakarakam
(From beginning to Sthirabudhitve Matsyakatha).
Translation from Sanskrit into Hindi or English -
Explanatory notes ………..
Fill in the blanks ………
1.Sandhi (General rules)- Dirgha, Guna, Vridhi, Yan, Ayadi, Purvarupa, Anusvara Parasavarna, and Visarga
2.Sabdarupa (Declension)-Akaranta, Ikaranta, Ukaranta and Rkaranta – Masculine and Neuter genders.
Akaranta and Ikaranta- Feminine Gender : Marut, Balavat, Gatavat, Rajan, Atman, Dhanin, Vak, Sarit, Parisat, Vipad, Jag, Naman-Neuter.
Sarvanama (Pronouns)-Sarva, Yat Tat, Etat, Kim Asmad, Yusmad- In all genders ……….
3. Kriyarupa (Conjugation of Verbs) :Conjugation of the following roots (Dhatu) in Lat, Lrt, Lot, Lan, Lakaras: Vad, Drs, Has, Pa, Khad, Ji, Ni, Sev, Labh, Rabh, Bru, As, Han, Da, Vi, Nrt, Mr, Ci, Bhid, Chid, Much, Vid (Labh), Sich, Srj, Kr, Jan, Chur, Kath, Gan, Ghaks…………..
4.Prakriya – Nich Krt Pratyaya-Kta, Ktavatu, Ktva (Lyap), Tavyat, Aniyar, Yat, Tumun
Books Recommended : -
M.R.Kale : Higher Sanskrit Grammar
(Prescribed portion only)
Diploma Course in Sanskrit
|Duration : 3 hours||Marks : 100|
|Paper – I|
|History of Sanskrit Literature (Short notes on the following Topics ):|
|Rgveda, Atharvaveda, Upanisad, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Gita, Arthasastra,Kalidasa, Bharavi, Bhartrhari, Gitagovinda, Bhasa, Bhavabhuti, Kadambari, Panchatantra||20 Marks|
|Madhyamavyayoga of Bhasa||15 Marks|
|Raghuvamsa-Canto I kalidasa||20 Marks|
|Sukanasopadesa of Bana||20 Marks|
Explanatory Notes (From Madhyamavyayoga and Raghuvamsa)
|Paper – II|
|(i)Sandhi||Svara, Vyanjana and Visarga.|
|(ii)Sabdarupa||Akaranta, Ikaranta, Ukaranta, Rkaranta Feminie gender eg., Mati, Dhenu, Vadhu, Matr, Svasr, Rai, Go, Nau.|
|Halanta||Vidvas, Canramas, Sreyas, Pathin,Payomuc, (Masculine) Gatavat, Dadat.|
|Sarvanama||Adas, Idam, Purva, Idrk, Kidrk, Yavat, (Pronoun) Tavat (In all genders)|
|Sankhyavacaka||Eka, Dvi, Tri, Chatur,Pancan. Sabda (Numerals) |
|(iii)Kriyarupa (Conjugation of Verbs):||Conjugation of the following roots (Dhatu) in ………………..and |
Lit Lakaras Bhu, Gam, Labh, Yaj, As, Bru, Da, Jna,Kath.
|(iv)Prakriyas||San, Yan, Kyac, Kyan.|
|(vi)Taddhita||Pratyaya-Tarap, Tamap, Iyasun, Isthan, Syan Tva, Tral, Tasil, Yan, An, In.|
|(vii)Samasa (General Rules)||Avyayibhava, Tatpurusa, Karmadharaya, Dvandva, Dvigu, Bahuvrihi.|
|(viii)Karaka (Genral Rules)|
|Translation of Unseen Passage from Sanskrit into Hindi or English||20 Marks|
|Translation From English or Hindi into Sanskrit.||20 Marks|
|B.A.(Hons.) Sanskrit of the University of Delhi with minimum 60% marks.|
Through Admission Test
|Eligibility criteria for appearing in the admission test.|
|B.A.(Hons.) Sanskrit form recognized University with minimum 40% marks.|
|B.A. (Pass)/B.A. (Prog.) or B.A. (Hons.) in Hindi of the University of Delhi or any recognized university with at least two papers of Sanskrit with 40% marks in aggregate.|
|Acharya (Sanskrit) examination of recognized University /Deemed University and Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan with minimum 50% in aggregate.|
|Shastri (Sanskrit) examination of recognized University/Deemed University/Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan with minimum 50% in aggregate|
|B.A.(Hons.) examination in any subject of the Delhi University of an examination recognized as equivalent there to with Sanskrit as subsidiary/concurrent subject with minimum 50% in Hons. And minimum 60% in Sanskrit. Subsidiary/Concurrent Subject.|
|M.A. examination in any arts and Humanities (except Sanskrit) from University of Delhi with minimum 50% marks in aggregate|
|Master’s degree in any subject from a recognized University with Diploma in Sanskrit of the University of Delhi with minimum50% in aggregated and 50% in Sanskrit Diploma.|
|Bachelor’s degree of any recognized University and having a Diploma Sanskrit from Delhi University with minimum 50% marks in aggregate and 50% marks in Diploma examination.|
|Note: Students securing 60% and above marks in admission Test will be admitted to M.A. (Sanskrit) course according to merit list on the basis of seats available.|
Rules of M.A.(Sanskrit)entrance examination
|The examination will consist of 100 marks and the time given would be 2:30 hours.|
|The fees for entrance examination would be Rs. 250 (Rupees two hundred and fifty only) and Rs. 100/- for SC/ST and PC which would need to be submitted along with the registration ‘’from through draft in favor of Registrar, University of Delhi, Delhi-7’’. This fees may be revised from time to time.|
|Only those students would be provided with admit card for the entrance test who fulfill the qualification prescribed.|
|The merit list for hostel admission will be prepared on the basis of admission Test. Those students who wish to apply in hostels would appear for the written test.|
Course content for M.A. (Sanskrit) Admission/test
|The admission will be based on the level of B.A. (Hons.) Sanskrit examination in subjects like Literature, Grammar, Philosophy etc. The Test will be also includes question from contemporary subject based on General Knowledge.|
|The format of Question Paper will be as follow: -|
|Essay on contemporary topic like saying on Sanskrit authors such as Upama Kalidasasya definition of Poetry according to Dandi, Vaman, Bhamah/Ramayana, Mahabharata, Kavyas Sukti.|
|Translation/Unseen passage||10 marks|
|Descriptive Questions from the subject|| |
|Objective type questions||70 marks|
M.Phil in Sanskrit
Ph.D. in Sanskrit
Financial support of R & D research Council, D.U.
Prof. Ramesh C. Bharadwaj – Historiography of Mimamnsa Philosophy.
Dr. Om Nath Bimali - खण्डदेवकृत 'मतवर्थलक्षणाखण्डनम् ' का समलोचनात्मक संस्करण !
Dr. Bhartendu Pandey – 'काव्यप्रकाश ' कि हैमवती टीका का समीक्षात्मक अध्ययन (प्रथम उल्लास के सन्दर्भ में) -
Dr. Satyamurti - Working on a project related to the translation of a particular portion of the Nyayabhusana of Bhasarvajna with critical notes.
Post Doctoral students/Research Associates/Teaching Assistants
Post Doctoral Fellowship
University Teaching Assistant
Recent and Future Events
Two Day International Seminar on 'Cross Cultural Migration of Pancatantra and Its Relevance in Contemporary World' at University of Delhi South Campus by Department of Sanskrit 15-16 December, 2011.
Prof. Narendra Nath Choudhury Memorial Lecture Series, H.E. Shri Balmiki Prasad Singh, Governor of Sikkim delivered a lecture on 'Bahudha Approach & Modern World on 28 February, 2011.
Two day lecture series on Bhavabhuti's Uttaramacarita by Dr. Ramashray Sharma on 25th and 27th March, 2011
The workshop on Vakyapadiya (12 – 18 January 2012), supported by ICPR.
Prof. Narendra Nath Choudhary Memorial Lecture Series, Prof. George Cardona Professor Emeritus, Sanskrit & Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, delivered the lecture on Panini as an Innovator : His Relation with Predecessors and Reasons For Changing on 27 January, 2012.
Prof. Ashok Aklujkar, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia, Canada delivered a lecture on ''Saraswati in the Rigveda: A Case of Misdirected Research'' November,23 2012.
Prof. Narendra Nath Choudhary Memorial Lecture Series, Prof. Navjeevan Rastogi Renowned scholar on Kashmir Shaivism delivered the lecture on vfHkuoxqIr dk lkSUn;Z&fpUru vkSj f=kdijEijk on 23 January, 2013.
Special Lecture on 'Recent Trends and Vedic Research' by Prof. Y.K. Mishra (Varanasi) on 19.09.2013.
Spl. Lecture of Prof. V. N. Jha (Pune) on ' The Padagogy of Indian logic on 17-10-2013.
One day workshop on 'Research Methodology for Research in Jyotish 17-10-13. In which Prof. G. Semwal (Punjab) Prof. B. B. Mishra (Bhopal) and Prof. S.N. Jha (Allahabad) delivered lectures.